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Shanghai is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2014. It is a global financial center and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the East China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea. Shanghai has 16 municipal districts with a total area of 6,340 square kilometers.
Economy & City Reputation
As a major administrative, shipping and trading city, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to trade and recognition of its favorable port location and economic potential. Shanghai is an important economic, transportation, technology, industrial, financial, exhibition and shipping center of China. It is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. Shanghai with cargo throughput and container throughput of ports in the world first, is a good coastal international port. Shanghai is also home to China's first free trade zone, China (Shanghai) pilot free trade zone. The Yangtze river delta urban agglomeration formed by Shanghai and Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui has become one of the six world class cities.
Shanghai is a famous historical and cultural city with deep modern urban culture and numerous historical sites. As early as the song dynasty had the name of "Shanghai", Shanghai has become a commercial port of opening to the outside world after 1843 and rapidly developed as the first big city in the far east. Today, it has successfully hosted the 2010 world expo, China Shanghai international arts festival, Shanghai international film festival and other major international events. Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of mainland China; renowned for its Lujiazui skyline, and museums and historic buildings, such as those along The Bund, as well as the City God Temple and the Yu Garden.
The low comedy features Shanghai characteristics, formed in the middle of the Anti- Japanese War. Shanghai monodrama gradually developed into a new Chinese opera by combining with Chinese and foreign comedy, drama and local opera in Jiangnan. Because of the impediment to dialect, it is just popular in Shanghai, Sunan and Zhejiang. Shanghai opera is a local opera singing in Shanghai dialect. Shanghai rap and Pudong narration are also of Shanghai special characteristics.
Shanghai's cultural festivals include Shanghai international TV festival, Shanghai international film festival, Shanghai international art festival, Shanghai international tourism festival, Shanghai spring international music festival, etc. Shanghai TV festival is the earliest international TV festival in China. It was founded in 1986. The Shanghai international film festival, which was founded in 1993, is one of the nine international A-film festivals, and the highest award is the golden goblet award.
By the end of 2010, there were 61 A-level scenic spots in Shanghai, including three 5A-level scenic spots, twenty-eight 4A-level scenic spots, and thirty 3A-level scenic spots. Famous modern buildings include The Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Expo theme pavilion, Shanghai International Financial Center, Shanghai Science & Technology Museum, Shanghai Happy Valley and Shanghai Disney Resort.